John R. Deni, PhD
International Security Scholar, Leader, Educator, and Author
Why does the United States need European allies, and why is it getting more difficult for those allies to partner with Washington in standing up to China, pushing back against Russia, and pursuing other common interests around the world? This book addresses the economic, demographic, political, and military trends that are fundamentally upending the ability and willingness of European allies to work with Washington.
Is Trump the reason why European defense spending has increased over the last four years? And if so, does that mean President Biden should replicate Trump’s methods, including making America’s pledge to defend European allies conditional on whether they’ve “fulfilled their obligations”?
This monograph examines the 2014–18 iteration of the NDPP, which represented a stunning turnaround in transatlantic burden sharing. The analysis reveals a combination of factors—the changed threat environment, political pressure from Washington, and the role of “policy entrepreneurs” working within NATO—best explain the alliance’s success in achieving more equitable burden sharing.
Dr. John R. Deni is a Research Professor of Security Studies at the U.S. Army War College's Strategic Studies Institute, a Nonresident Senior Fellow at the Atlantic Council, and an Adjunct Professorial Lecturer at American University's School of International Service.
He builds, leads, and manages collaborative multinational project teams, solves problems for customers and stakeholders, and advises senior civilian and military leaders.
His work has appeared in the L.A. Times, the Washington Post, Newsweek, the Baltimore Sun, War on the Rocks, and a variety of peer-reviewed journals. He is the author of three books on European and American security and the editor or co-editor of six more.